Practical Usage of Multiple-Choice Questions as Part of Learning and Self-Evaluation

Paula Kangasniemi


The poster describes how the multiple-choice questions could be a part of learning, not only assessing. We often think of the role of questions only in order to test the student's skills. We have tested how questions could be a part of learning in our web-based course of information retrieval in Lapland University.

In web-based learning there is a need for high-quality mediators. Mediators are learning promoters which trigger, support, and amplify learning. Mediators can be human mediators or tool mediators. The tool mediators are for example; tests, tutorials, guides and diaries. The multiple-choice questions can also be learning promoters which select, interpret and amplify objects for learning.

What do you have to take into account when you are preparing multiple-choice questions as mediators? First you have to prioritize teaching objectives: what must be known and what should be known. According to our experience with contact learning, you can assess what the things are that students have problems with and need more guidance on.

The most important addition to the questions is feedback during practice. The questions’ answers (wrong or right) are not important. The feedback on the answers are important to guide students on how to search. The questions promote students’ self-regulation and self-evaluation. Feedback can be verbal, a screenshot or a video. We have added a verbal feedback for every question and also some screenshots and eight videos in our web-based course.

Full Text:

Poster (PDF)


Latva-Karjanmaa, R. (2014). Own pace, own space, own face, human, and tool support: Mediators in web-based self-regulation learning. (Doctoral thesis, University of Helsinki, Finland). Retrieved from

Wiklund-Engblom, A. (2015). Designing new learning experiences?: Exploring corporate e-learners' self-regulated learning. Åbo: Åbo Akademi University Press. Retrieved from


Copyright (c) 2016 Paula Kangasniemi

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